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RQ-8A and MQ-8B Fire Scout Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV)

 
Description
The Fire Scout Vertical Take-Off and Landing Tactical Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (VTUAV) system is comprised of ground control stations, up to three MQ-8B Fire Scout air vehicles, and associated control handling and support equipment. The VTUAV system is designed to operate from air-capable ships with initial deployment on the Littoral Combat Ship (LCS) and will provide a significant improvement to organic surveillance capability. With vehicle endurance greater than five hours, a VTUAV system will be capable of twelve continuous hours of operations providing coverage 110 nautical miles from the launch site. The air vehicle is capable of providing UHF/VHF voice communications relay and has a baseline payload that includes electro-optical/infrared sensors and a laser designator that enables the system to find tactical targets, track and designate targets, accurately provide targeting data to strike platforms and perform battle damage assessment.
 
Background
The air vehicle component of the VTUAV system was designated the MQ-8B to reflect the Fire Scoutís evolution toward an increased, multi-functional role. Some of the notable improvements include increased power, fuel, and payload capacity. Additionally, the MQ-8B offers more than double the mission radius and time on station than the prototype VTUAV. The MQ-8B completed first flight in December 2006. When operational, Fire Scout will provide critical situational awareness, intelligence, surveillance, reconnaissance, and targeting data to the forward deployed warfighter. The vehicle is based on the Schweizer Aircraft model 330 helicopter.

Program Status: The program is currently completing EMD (engineering, manufacturing, development), and should begin low rate initial production in FY 07. Fleet introduction is on schedule for FY 08, with full rate production in FY 09 following successful operational evaluation. The current program plan is to provide systems to support LCS Mission Modules. These systems will include air vehicles, mission sensor package payloads, Ground Control Systems, Tactical Common Data Links, UAV Common Automatic Recovery Systems for automatic take-offs and landings, and shipboard grid and harpoon capture systems.
 
Point Of Contact
Program Executive Office, Strike Weapons and Unmanned Aviation (PEO (W))
Public Affairs Office
Naval Air Station
Patuxent River, Maryland 20670-1547
Phone: 301.757.7490
 
General Characteristics, RQ-8A and MQ-8B Fire Scout Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV)
Contractor: Northrop Grumman Unmanned Systems
Propulsion: One Rolls-Royce 250C20W heavy fuel turboshaft engine
Length: 31.7 feet
Height: 9.8 feet
Weight: Zero fuel weight - 2,073 pounds; maximum takeoff, 3,150 pounds
Airspeed: 110 knots
Ceiling: 20,000 feet
Range: 110 nautical miles radius, five-plus hours on station
Load: 600 pounds, including electro-optical/infrared sensor and laser
 
Last Update: 18 February 2009