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Littoral Combat Ships - Fleet Introduction and Sustainment - LCS

The Littoral Combat Ship (LCS) program is a bold departure from traditional Navy shipbuilding programs based on its use of innovative acquisition, construction, manning, training and operational concepts. The LCS sustainment strategy takes into account the unique design and manning of LCS and the associated mission modules. Elements of this strategy include reliance on off-ship support; a new paradigm of maintenance execution focused on scheduled preventive maintenance periods and off-ship performance of preventive and facilities maintenance; and a crewing/deployment model which uses rotating crews to operate the ships, thus ensuring continual forward presence with shore support.

Shore Support
Under the LCS sustainment concept, the majority of legacy shipboard functions of logistics, maintenance and training are moved ashore, thus removing these functions from the ship's crew and allowing for a reduction in underway crew size. The Maintenance Support Team (MST) is the enabler for LCS distance support. In order to support a minimally-manned ship, a shore support organization has been established and is being provided the latest distance support tools. The MST is responsible for coordinating with the Regional Maintenance Center (RMC), Mission Package Support Facility (MPSF) and supply enterprise for all LCS maintenance and logistics issues. The staffs of the LCS Squadron (LCSRON), LCS Training Facility (LTF) and Surface Ship Type Commander (TYCOM) Afloat Training Group (ATG) provide training and certification functions. The LCSRON is the epicenter of shore support and services and has the authority to coordinate as necessary to ensure ships and mission modules (MM) plus personnel are fully supported.

There are three primary facilities designed to support LCS. The LCS Support Facility (LSF) has offices for the LCSRON staff, off-ship core crews, MM detachments and pre-commissioning crews. The LTF houses key training equipment for qualification and certification of crews and detachments. The MPSF which provides sustainment and maintenance support for all mission modules. Working in concert under the cognizance of the LCSRON commodore, these three organizations are designed to fully support the ships and mission modules both at home and deployed.

In support of the LCS mission, ship maintenance is provided by the shore infrastructure as appropriate for preventive and corrective maintenance. The LCS sustainment strategy calls for regular scheduled maintenance periods to be included in the operational schedule of the ship and associated mission packages - normally once per month for standard preventive maintenance and once every four months for more significant corrective maintenance. The bulk of the work accomplished during these planned maintenance availabilities (PMAVs) and continuous maintenance availabilities (CMAVs) is conducted by a mix of organic and contracted maintenance teams. LCS utilizes a significant degree of automation, including sensors, to implement condition based maintenance (CBM) and equipment health monitoring (EHM), further optimizing maintenance requirements for the ship.

LCS will employ a Blue/Gold crew model which alternates manning the ship. This concept also creates six divisions (three per coast) comprised of four ships of the same variant--including one as a dedicated training ship, which is manned by a single crew vice rotating crews. The training ship in each division will remain in the United States and operate in local areas to certify the six Blue/Gold crews that will operate the three deployed LCSs of each division. Each division will have a single warfare focus; the Blue/Gold crews and MM crews will be fused. This approach provides more forward presence with a better blend of ownership, stability and increased training for each of the crews, while the divisions have improved oversight and reinforcement of the operational focus.

A key enabler of LCS rotational crewing is the LCS shore-based training and certification capability, which represents a significant advancement in the surface force approach to qualification of individual watchstanders and ship/MM teams. LCS training is based on a virtual ship-centric concept, accomplished through a combination of classroom instruction, vendor training, shore-based trainers and sophisticated virtual reality training systems. This ensures LCS ships deploy with fully qualified sailors and increases the forward presence time for each LCS ship.
The LCS Fleet Introduction and Sustainment Program Office (PMS 505) was established in 2011 to consolidate all aspects of LCS sustainment, training and logistics into a single program office. This effectively streamlined processes and personnel previously scattered across multiple program offices and functional areas. With multiple ships and mission modules being delivered annually, consolidating these functions in a single program office was the most efficient and cost effective solution to provide direct support to the acquisition manager during the acquisition phase, the production manager during the production phase and, ultimately, the sustainment manager through the ships' 20+ year sustainment lifecycle.
Point Of Contact
Office of Corporate Communication
Naval Sea Systems Command (OOD)
Washington, D.C. 20362
General Characteristics, Freedom variant
Builder: Lockheed Martin
Length: 387.6 ft. (118.1 meters)
Beam: 57.7 ft. (17.6 meters)
Displacement: approximately 3,450 MT full load
Draft: 14.1 ft. (4.3 meters)
Speed: 40+ knots
USS Freedom (LCS 1), San Diego, CA
PCU Sioux City (LCS 11) - under construction
PCU Wichita (LCS 13) - under construction
PCU Billings (LCS 15) - under construction
PCU Indianapolis (LCS 17) - under construction
PCU St. Louis (LCS 19) - under construction
PCU Minneapolis-St. Paul (LCS 21) - under construction
PCU Cooperstown (LCS 23) - in pre-production phase
USS Marinette (LCS 25) - in pre-production phase
USS Fort Worth (LCS 3), San Diego, CA
USS Milwaukee (LCS 5) - Mayport, FL
USS Detroit (LCS 7) - Mayport, FL
PCU Little Rock (LCS 9) - under construction
General Characteristics, Independent variant
Builder: General Dynamics (LCS 2 and LCS 4), Austal USA (LCS 6 and follow)
Length: 421.5 ft. (128.5 meters)
Height: 126.3 ft. (38.5 meters)
Beam: 103.7 ft. (31.6 meters)
Displacement: approximately 3,200 MT full load
Draft: 15.1 ft. (4.6 meters)
PCU Gabrielle Giffords (LCS 10) - delivered, Mobile, AL
PCU Omaha (LCS 12) - under construction
PCU Manchester (LCS 14) - under construction
PCU Tulsa (LCS 16) - under construction
PCU Charleston (LCS 18) - under construction
USS Independence (LCS 2), San Diego, CA
PCU Cincinnati (LCS 20) - under construction
PCU Kansas City (LCS 22) - under construction
PCU Oakland (LCS 24) - in pre-production phase
PCU Mobile (LCS 26) - in pre-production phase
USS Coronado (LCS 4), Singapore
USS Jackson (LCS 6) - San Diego, CA
USS Montgomery (LCS 8), San Diego, CA
Last Update: 5 May 2017