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Expeditionary Fast Transport (EPF)

 
Description
The Expeditionary Fast Transport (EPF), formerly named the Joint High Speed Vessel (JHSV), is a shallow draft, all aluminum, commercial-based catamaran capable of intra theater personnel and cargo lift, providing combatant commanders high-speed sealift mobility with inherent cargo handling capability and agility to achieve positional advantage over operational distances. Bridging the gap between low-speed sealift and high-speed airlift, EPFs transport personnel, equipment and supplies over operational distances with access to littoral offload points including austere, minor and degraded ports in support of the Global War on Terrorism (GWOT)/Theater Security Cooperation Program (TSCP), Intra-theater Operational/Littoral Maneuver and Sustainment and Seabasing. EPFs enable the rapid projection, agile maneuver and sustainment of modular, tailored forces in response to a wide range of military and civilian contingencies such as Non-Combatant Evacuation Operations (NEO), humanitarian assistance and disaster relief.
 
Features
The Expeditionary Fast Transport (EPF), formerly named the Joint High Speed Vessel (JHSV), is a shallow draft, all aluminum, commercial-based catamaran capable of intra theater personnel and cargo lift, providing combatant commanders high-speed sealift mobility with inherent cargo handling capability and agility to achieve positional advantage over operational distances. Bridging the gap between low-speed sealift and high-speed airlift, EPFs transport personnel, equipment and supplies over operational distances with access to littoral offload points including austere, minor and degraded ports in support of the Global War on Terrorism (GWOT)/Theater Security Cooperation Program (TSCP), Intra-theater Operational/Littoral Maneuver and Sustainment and Seabasing. EPFs enable the rapid projection, agile maneuver and sustainment of modular, tailored forces in response to a wide range of military and civilian contingencies such as Non-Combatant Evacuation Operations (NEO), humanitarian assistance and disaster relief.

The EPF is designed to transport 600 short tons of military cargo 1,200 nautical miles at an average speed of 35 knots in Sea State 3. The ship is capable of operating in shallow-draft ports and waterways, interfacing with roll-on/roll-off discharge facilities and on and off-loading a combat-loaded Abrams Main Battle Tank (M1A2). EPFs include a flight deck for helicopter operations and an off-load ramp that allow vehicles to quickly drive off the ship. The ramp will be suitable for the types of austere piers and quay walls common in developing countries. EPF's shallow draft (under 15 feet) will further enhance littoral operations and port access. This makes the EPF an extremely flexible asset for support of a wide range of operations including maneuver and sustainment, relief operations in small or damaged ports, flexible logistics support or as the key enabler for rapid transport.

EPF has a crew of 26 people, but has airline style seating for 312 embarked troops and fixed berthing for an additional 104. Military Sealift Command (MSC) will operate and sustain the EPFs. EPF will be employed and allocated via the Global Force Management (GFM) for Theater Security Cooperation (TSC), service unique missions, intra-theater sealift and special missions.
 
Background
On Nov. 13, 2008, the Navy awarded Austal USA, Mobile, Alabama, a $185,433,564 fixed-price incentive contract modification for detail design and construction (DD&C) of one EPF. The contract modification also included options for the construction of up to nine additional ships and associated shore-based spares. All contract options have been awarded. On Sept. 15, 2016, a new Detail Design and Construction (DD&C) contract for EPF 11 and 12 was awarded to Austal.

The Navy has accepted delivery of seven EPFs with USNS Carson City (T-EPF 7) being the most recent delivering in June 2016. Yuma (EPF 8) is planned for delivery in early 2017.

The program initially divided the 10 prospective ships of the EPF class into five ships for assignment to the Army and five ships for assignment to the Navy. However, both services agreed to transfer the Army's five EPFs to the Navy at the Army/Navy Warfighter Talks in December 2010. Both departments signed a memorandum of agreement May 2, 2011, transferring all five of the Army's EPFs to the Navy.
 
General Characteristics
Builder: Austal USA
Propulsion: Water Jet
Length: 103 Meters (338 feet)
Beam: 28.5 meters (93.5 feet)
Displacement: 2500 metric tons (2460 long tons)
Draft: 13 feet (3.92 meters)
Speed: 35-40 knots
Range: 1,200 nautical miles
Crew: 26 civilian mariners
Ships:
Burlington (EPF 10)
Puerto Rico (EPF 11)
TBD (EPF 12)
Bismarck (EPF 9)
USNS Spearhead (T-EPF 1)
USNS Choctaw County (T-EPF 2)
USNS Millinocket (T-EPF 3)
USNS Fall River (T-EPF 4)
USNS Trenton (T-EPF 5)
USNS Brunswick (T-EPF 6)
USNS Carson City (T-EPF 7)
USNS Yuma (T-EPF 8)
 
Last Update: 9 January 2017