Description DDG 51 and DDG 1000 guided-missile destroyers are warships that provide multi-mission offensive and defensive capabilities. Destroyers can operate independently or as part of carrier strike groups, surface action groups, expeditionary strike groups, and missile defense action groups.
Features Guided-missile destroyers are multi-mission surface combatants capable of conducting Anti-Air Warfare (AAW), Anti-Submarine Warfare (ASW), and Anti-Surface Warfare (ASuW). The destroyer's armament has greatly expanded the role of the ship in strike warfare utilizing the MK-41 Vertical Launching System (VLS) of the DDG 51 class, and the Advanced Vertical Launch System (AVLS) the DDG 1000 class.
Background DDG 51 Background:
The Arleigh Burke class (DDG 51) destroyers replaced the Charles F. Adams class (DDG 2). The Arleigh Burke class was designed with an all-new hull form, incorporating much of the Spruance class (DD 963) destroyer propulsion and machinery plant, and the integrated Aegis Weapons System (AWS) proven on the Kidd class (DD 993) destroyers and installed on the larger Ticonderoga class cruisers. AWS is composed of a multi-function phased array radar, advanced AAW and ASW systems, VLS, and the Tomahawk Weapon System. DDG 51 was commissioned on July 4, 1991, and the class is still in production. Over the decades the class has been continuously upgraded with advanced sensors and weapons and improved support systems.
The Arleigh Burke class employs all-steel construction and comprises four separate variants or "Flights." DDG 51-71 represent the original design and are designated as Flight I ships; DDG 72-78 are Flight II ships; DDGs 79-115 are Flight IIA ships in service, and will continue through DDGs 124 and 127; The Flight III baseline will begin with DDGs 125-126, and continue with DDGs 128 and follow. The first Flight III ship contract (DDG 125) was awarded to Huntington Ingalls Industries (HII) on June 27, 2017. General Dynamics Bath Iron Works (BIW) was awarded the next Flight III ship contract (DDG 126) on Sept. 28, 2017.
The DDG 51 Flight III upgrade is centered on the AMDR/SPY-6(V)1 Air and Missile Defense Radar system that provides vastly increased capability over DDG 51 Flight IIA ships. The AMDR enables Flight III ships to simultaneously perform AAW and Ballistic Missile Defense (BMD), which satisfies the Navy's critical need for an enhanced surface combatant Integrated Air and Missile Defense (IAMD) capability.
Sixty-five DDG 51 class ships have been delivered to the fleet (DDG 51-115). An additional twelve ships are under contract with shipbuilders HII or BIW. Of these twelve ships, eight are currently under construction.
A DDG modernization program is underway to provide a comprehensive mid-life upgrade that will ensure the DDG 51 class will maintain mission relevance and remain an integral part of the Navy's Sea Power 21 Plan. The modernization changes are also being introduced to new construction ships to increase the baseline capabilities of the newest ships in the class, and to provide commonality between new construction ships and modernized in-service ships. The goal of the DDG modernization effort is to reduce workload requirements and increase war fighting capabilities while reducing total ownership cost to the Navy. In-service ships can be modernized by two distinct packages; Combat Systems (C/S) and Hull, Mechanical, and Electrical (HM&E) upgrades. The HM&E package includes new gigabit ethernet connectivity in the engineering plant and a Digital Video Surveillance System (DVSS), along with the Integrated Bridge Navigation System (IBNS), an Advanced Galley, and other habitability modifications. A complete open architecture computing environment is the foundation for ships receiving the C/S war fighting improvements. This upgrade plan consists of a new multi-mission signal processor to accommodate Integrated Air and Missile Defense (IAMD) and an improvement to radar performance in the littoral regions. Additional upgrades include: Cooperative Engagement Capability (CEC), Evolved Sea Sparrow Missile (ESSM), CIWS Blk 1B, SEWIP, and NULKA. The Arleigh Burke-class MK-41 Vertical Launching System (VLS) will be upgraded to support SM-3 and newer variants of the Standard Missile family. Throughout their expected service life, DDG 51 destroyers will continue to provide multi-mission offensive and defensive capabilities with the added benefit of sea-based protection from the ballistic missile threat.
DDG 1000 Background:
Developed under the DD(X) destroyer program, the Zumwalt-class destroyer (DDG 1000) is the lead ship of a class of next-generation multi-mission surface combatants tailored for land attack and littoral dominance with capabilities that defeat current and projected threats. DDG 1000 will triple naval surface fires coverage as well as tripling capability against anti-ship cruise missiles. DDG 1000 has a 50-fold radar cross section reduction compared to current destroyers, improves strike group defense 10-fold and has 10 times the operating area in shallow water regions against mines. For today's warfighter, DDG 1000 fills an immediate and critical naval-warfare gap, meeting validated Marine Corps fire support requirements.
The multi-mission DDG 1000 is tailored for sustained operations in the littorals and land attack, and will provide independent forward presence and deterrence, support special operations forces, and operate as an integral part of joint and combined expeditionary forces. Its multi-mission design and littoral capabilities make it a 100 percent globally deployable asset to the Fleet.
Designed to combat the threats of today as well as those of coming decades, these ships are equipped with numerous advanced technology and survivability systems.
DDG 1000 is the first U.S. Navy surface combatant to employ an innovative and highly survivable Integrated Power System (IPS). Key design features that make the DDG 1000 IPS architecture unique include the ability to provide power to propulsion, ship's service, and combat system loads from the same gas turbine prime movers. DDG 1000's power allocation flexibility allows for potentially significant energy savings and is well-suited to enable future high energy weapons and sensors.
The wave-piercing Tumblehome hull design has facilitated a wide array of advancements. The composite superstructure significantly reduces radar cross section and other signatures, making the ship harder to detect by enemies at sea. The design also allows for optimal manning with a standard crew size of 147 sailors, plus an air detachment of 28, thereby decreasing lifecycle operations and support costs.
DDG 1000 will employ active and passive sensors and a multi-function radar (MFR) capable of conducting area air surveillance, including over-land search and track, throughout the extremely difficult and cluttered sea-land interface.
Each ship features a battery of two AGS.
General Dynamics Bath Iron Works (BIW) is responsible for design, construction, integration, testing and delivery of the DDG 1000 class, and DDG 1002 steel deckhouse, hangar and Peripheral Vertical Launch System (PVLS). Huntington Ingalls Industries (HII) is responsible for the fabrication of the composite deckhouse, helicopter hangar and PVLS for DDG 1000 and DDG 1001. Raytheon is responsible for software development and integration with BAE providing the AGS.
The Navy procured three Zumwalt-class destroyers which are named in honor of former Chief of Naval Operations Elmo R. "Bud" Zumwalt Jr.
Construction on DDG 1000 (Zumwalt) commenced in February 2009; the ship delivered on May 20, 2016 and was commissioned on Oct. 15, 2016. In its homeport of San Diego, the ship is undergoing its post-delivery availability (PDA), Combat Systems Activation (CSA) period and Initial Operational Test and Evaluation (IOT&E) as part of the process toward achieving Initial Operational Capability (IOC). The PDA commenced in early 2017, with activation of combat systems beginning shortly thereafter.
DDG 1001 was named Michael Monsoor in October 2008 by then-Secretary of the Navy Donald Winter, honoring Petty Officer 2nd Class Michael Monsoor, a Navy SEAL who was posthumously awarded the Medal of Honor for his heroic actions in Ramadi, Iraq on Sept. 29, 2006. DDG 1001 start of fabrication took place in October 2009. In July 2014, Huntington Ingalls Industries (HII) delivered the DDG 1001 composite deckhouse to the Navy. Monsoor was christened June 18, 2016 and launched two days later on June 20th. DDG 1001 commenced builder's trials on Dec. 4, 2017 and is scheduled to deliver to the Navy in 2018.
In April 2012, DDG 1002 was named Lyndon B. Johnson by Secretary of the Navy Ray Mabus. The selection of Lyndon B. Johnson honors the nation's 36th president and continues the Navy tradition of naming ships after presidents. DDG 1002 start of fabrication took place April 4, 2012. The DDG 1002 keel laying took place January 2017.
Point Of Contact Office of Corporate Communication (SEA 00D) Naval Sea Systems Command Washington, D.C. 20376
General Characteristics, Arleigh Burke class
Builder: Bath Iron Works, Huntington Ingalls Industries
SPY-1 Radar and Combat System Integrator: Lockheed-Martin
Date Deployed: July 4, 1991 (USS Arleigh Burke (DDG 51)
Propulsion: Four General Electric LM 2500-30 gas turbines; two shafts, 100,000 total shaft horsepower
Length: Flights I and II (DDG 51-78): 505 feet (153.92 meters); Flight IIA (DDG 79 AF): 509 1/2 feet (155.29 meters)
Beam: 59 feet (18 meters)
Displacement: 8,230 - 9,700 Ltons
Speed: In excess of 30 knots
Crew: 329 Total (32 Officer, 27 CPO, 270 Enlisted)
Armament: Standard Missile (SM-2MR); Vertical Launch ASROC (VLA) missiles; Tomahawk; six MK-46 torpedoes (from two triple tube mounts); Close In Weapon System (CIWS), 5-in. MK 45 Gun, Evolved Sea Sparrow Missile (ESSM)
Aircraft: Two LAMPS MK III MH-60 B/R helicopters with Penguin/Hellfire missiles and MK 46/MK 50 torpedoes
PCU Delbert D. Black (DDG 119) - under construction
PCU Carl M. Levin (DDG 120) - under construction
PCU Frank E. Petersen, Jr. (DDG 121) - under construction
PCU John Basilone (DDG 122) - under construction
PCU Lenah H. Sutcliffe Higbee (DDG 123) - under construction
Harvey C. Barnum, Jr. (DDG 124) - pre-construction
Jack H. Lucas (DDG 125) - under contract
Louis H. Wilson Jr. (DDG 126) - under contract
TBD (DDG 127) - under contract
General Characteristics, Zumwalt class
Builder: General Dynamics Bath Iron Works
SPY-3 Radar and Combat System Integrator: Raytheon is the prime contractor responsible for the Design and Development of the ZUMWALT Mission System, including software,
Combat Systems Equipment (CSE) and many of the sensors for the DDG 1000 Class.
Propulsion: Two Main Turbine Generators (MTG); Two Auxiliary Turbine Generators (ATG); Two 34.6 MW Advanced Induction Motors (AIM)
Length: 610 ft.
Beam: 80.7 ft.
Displacement: 15,995 metric tons
Speed: 30 kts
Crew: 175 (including 28 person air det)
Armament: Eighty advanced Peripheral Vertical Launch (PVLS) cells for Tomahawk, evolved Sea Sparrow Missile (ESSM), Standard Missiles; Vertical Launch Anti-Submarine Rockets (ASROC) (VLA), (2) Advanced Gun System (AGS) 155 mm guns; (2) MK 46 Close-In Guns Systems (CIGS)
Aircraft: Two MH60R or one MH60R and three VTUAVs
USS Zumwalt (DDG 1000), San Diego, CA
PCU Michael Monsoor (DDG 1001), under construction
PCU Lyndon B. Johnson (DDG 1002), under construction