Destroyers - DDG
DDG 51 and DDG 1000 destroyers are warships that provide multi-mission offensive and defensive capabilities. Destroyers can operate independently or as part of carrier strike groups, surface action groups, amphibious ready groups, and underway replenishment groups.
Guided missile destroyers are multi-mission [Anti-Air Warfare (AAW), Anti-Submarine Warfare (ASW), and Anti-Surface Warfare (ASUW)] surface combatants. The destroyer's armament has greatly expanded the role of the ship in strike warfare utilizing the MK-41 Vertical Launch System (VLS).
Features unique to DDG 1000:
• Eighty peripheral vertical launch system (VLS) cells, two Advanced Gun System (AGS) 155 millimeter (mm) guns, and two 57mm Close In Guns (CIGS).
• A stern boat ramp for two 7 meter (m) Rigid Hull Inflatable Boats (RHIBs), designed with room for two 11m RHIBs.
• Aviation capacity for two MH-60R or one MH-60R and 3 VT Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs).
• It will be powered by an Integrated Power System (IPS) with an Integrated Fight Through Power (IFTP). This is created by an Advanced Induction Motor (AIM).
• A Composite superstructure with integrated apertures and low signature profile.
• Advanced sensors including a SPY-3 Multi-Function Radar.
• A wave-piercing "Tumblehome" hull form.
Technological advances have improved the capability of modern destroyers culminating in the Arleigh Burke (DDG 51) class replacing the older Charles F. Adams and Farragut class guided missile destroyers. Named for the Navy's most famous destroyer squadron combat commander and three-time Chief of Naval Operations, the USS Arleigh Burke was commissioned July 4, 1991, and was the most powerful surface combatant ever put to sea. Like the larger Ticonderoga-class cruisers, DDG 51's combat capability centers around the Aegis Weapon System (AWS). AWS is composed of the SPY-1D multi-function phased array radar, advanced AAW and ASW systems, VLS, and the Tomahawk Weapon System. These advances allow the Arleigh Burke-class to continue the revolution at sea.
The Arleigh Burke class employs all-steel construction and is comprised of three separate variants or “Flights”; DDG 51-71 represent the original design and are designated Flight I ships, DDG 72-78 are Flight II ships, DDG 79 and Follow ships are built to the Flight IIA design.
Like most modern U.S. surface combatants, DDG 51 utilizes gas turbine propulsion. Employing four General Electric LM 2500 gas turbines to produce 100,000 total shaft horsepower via a dual shaft design, Arleigh Burke-class destroyers are capable of achieving 30 plus knot speeds in open seas.
The Flight IIA design includes the addition of the Kingfisher mine-avoidance capability, a pair of helicopter hangars which provide the ability to deploy with two organic Lamps MK III MH-60 helicopters, blast-hardened bulkheads, distributed electrical system and advanced networked systems. Additionally, DDGs 91-96 provide accommodations for the A/N WLD-1 Remote Mine-hunting System. The first Flight IIA, USS Oscar Austin, was commissioned in August 2000.
A DDG modernization program is underway, commencing with USS Arleigh Burke (DDG 51) to provide a comprehensive mid-life upgrade that will ensure the DDG 51 class will maintain mission relevance and remain an integral part of the Navy’s Sea Power 21 Plan. The modernization changes will also be introduced to new construction ships, commencing with USS Spruance (DDG 111), to increase the baseline capabilities of the newest ships in the class, and to provide commonality between new construction ships and modernized in-service ships. The goal of the DDG modernization effort is to reduce workload requirements and increase war fighting capabilities while reducing total ownership cost to the Navy. In-service ships are modernized in two separate availabilities. The first phase will concentrate on the Hull, Mechanical, and Electrical systems to include new Gigabit Ethernet connectivity in the engineering plant, a Digital Video Surveillance System, along with the Integrated Bridge, an Advanced Galley and other habitability modifications. A complete Open Architecture computing environment will be the foundation for combat system war fighting improvements in the second phase for each ship. The upgrade plan consists of an improved Multi-Mission Signal Processor to accommodate Ballistic Missile Defense capability and an improvement to radar performance in the littoral regions. Additional upgrades include: Cooperative Engagement Capability (CEC), Evolved Sea Sparrow Missile (ESSM), CIWS Blk 1B, SEWIP, and NULKA. The Arleigh Burke-class MK-41 Vertical Launching System (VLS) will be upgraded to support SM-3 and newer variants of the SM missile family. Throughout their intended service life, DDG 51 destroyers will continue to provide multi-mission offensive and defensive capabilities with the added benefit of Sea-based protection from the ballistic missile threat.
DDG 1000 Background:
Developed under the DD(X) destroyer program, the Zumwalt-class destroyer (DDG 1000) is the lead ship of a class of next-generation multi-mission surface combatants tailored for land attack and littoral dominance with capabilities that defeat current and projected threats. DDG 1000 will triple naval surface fires coverage as well as tripling capability against anti-ship cruise missiles. DDG 1000 has a 50-fold radar cross section reduction compared to current destroyers, improves strike group defense 10-fold and has 10 times the operating area in shallow water regions against mines. For today’s warfighter, DDG 1000 fills an immediate and critical naval-warfare gap, meeting validated Marine Corps fire support requirements.
In July 2008, Navy announced its decision to truncate the DDG 1000 program at three ships and restart the construction of BMD capable DDG 51s. The Department’s decision to truncate the DDG 1000 program and continue building DDG 51 class ships triggered a Nunn McCurdy critical cost breach due primarily to a reduction in total procurement quantity.
The multi-mission DDG 1000 is tailored for sustained operations in the littorals and land attack, and will provide independent forward presence and deterrence, support special operations forces, and operate as an integral part of joint and combined expeditionary forces. Its multi-mission design and littoral capabilities make it a 100% percent globally deployable asset to the Fleet.
Designed to combat the threats of today as well as those of coming decades, these ships are equipped with numerous advanced technology and survivability systems.
DDG 1000 is the first U.S. Navy surface combatant to employ an innovative and highly survivable Integrated Power System (IPS). Key design features that make the DDG 1000 IPS architecture unique include the ability to provide power to propulsion, ship’s service, and combat system loads from the same gas turbine prime movers. DDG 1000’s power allocation flexibility allows for potentially significant energy savings and is well-suited to enable future high energy weapons and sensors.
The wave-piercing Tumblehome ship design has provided a wide array of advancements. The composite superstructure significantly reduces cross section and acoustic output making the ship less transparent to enemies at sea. The design also allows for optimal manning with a standard crew size of 148 sailors thereby decreasing lifecycle operations and support costs.
DDG 1000 will employ active and passive sensors and a Multi-Function Radar (MFR) capable of conducting area air surveillance, including over-land, throughout the extremely difficult and cluttered sea-land interface.
Each ship features a battery of two Advanced Gun Systems (AGS) firing Long-Range Land Attack Projectiles (LRLAP) that reach up to 63 nautical miles, providing a three-fold range improvement in naval surface fires coverage.
General Dynamics Bath Iron Works (BIW) is responsible for design, construction, integration, testing and delivery of the DDG 1000 class. Huntington Ingalls Industries (HII) is responsible for the fabrication of the deckhouse, helo hangar and aft Peripheral Vertical Launch System. Raytheon is responsible for software development and integration with BAE providing the AGS and LRLAP.
PEO Ships and its industry partners worked diligently to mature the ship's design and ready industrial facilities to ensure this advanced surface combatant is built on cost and on schedule. At 85 percent complete, the DDG 1000 design was more mature at start of fabrication than any lead surface combatant in history.
The Navy intends to procure three Zumwalt Class Destroyers which are named in honor of former Chief of Naval Operations, Elmo R. “Bud” Zumwalt Jr.
Construction on DDG 1000 (ZUMWALT) commenced in February 2009 and the Keel Laying took place on November 17, 2011. Launch is scheduled for July 2013, followed by ship delivery in July 2014.
DDG 1001 was named MICHAEL MONSOOR in October 2008 by then-Secretary of the Navy Donald Winter, honoring Petty Officer 2nd Class Michael Monsoor, a Navy SEAL who was posthumously awarded the Medal of Honor for his heroic actions in Ramadi, Iraq, Sept. 29, 2006. DDG 1001 start of fabrication took place in October 2009. Launch is scheduled for August 2014, followed by ship delivery in December 2015.
In April 2012, DDG 1002 was named LYNDON B. JOHNSON by Secretary of the Navy Ray Mabus. The selection of Lyndon B. Johnson honors the nation's 36th president and continues the Navy tradition of naming ships after presidents. DDG 1002 start of fabrication took place April 4, 2012.
|Point Of Contact|
Office of Corporate Communication (SEA 00D)
Naval Sea Systems Command
Washington, D.C. 20376
|General Characteristics, Arleigh Burke class|
|Builder: Bath Iron Works, Huntington Ingalls Industries|
SPY-1 Radar and Combat System Integrator: Lockheed-Martin
|Date Deployed: July 4, 1991 (USS Arleigh Burke)|
|Propulsion: Four General Electric LM 2500-30 gas turbines; two shafts, 100,000 total shaft horsepower.|
|Length: Flights I and II (DDG 51-78): 505 feet (153.92 meters)|
Flight IIA (DDG 79 AF): 509½ feet (155.29 meters).
|Beam: 59 feet (18 meters).|
|Displacement: DDG 51 through 71: 8,230 L tons (8,362.06 metric tons) full load DDG 72 through 78: 8,673 L tons (8,775.6 metric tons) full load DDG 79 and Follow: 9,496 L tons (9,648.40 metric tons) full load.|
|Speed: In excess of 30 knots.|
|Armament: Standard Missile (SM-2MR); Vertical Launch ASROC (VLA) missiles; Tomahawk®; six MK-46 torpedoes (from two triple tube mounts); Close In Weapon System (CIWS), 5” MK 45 Gun, Evolved Sea Sparrow Missile (ESSM) (DDG 79 AF)|
|Aircraft: Two LAMPS MK III MH-60 B/R helicopters with Penguin/Hellfire missiles and MK 46/MK 50 torpedoes.|
|USS Arleigh Burke (DDG 51), Norfolk, VA|
|USS Barry (DDG 52), Norfolk, VA|
|USS John Paul Jones (DDG 53), San Diego, CA|
|USS Curtis Wilbur (DDG 54), Yokosuka, Japan|
|USS Stout (DDG 55), Norfolk, VA|
|USS John S McCain (DDG 56), Yokosuka, Japan|
|USS Mitscher (DDG 57), Norfolk, VA|
|USS Laboon (DDG 58), Norfolk, VA|
|USS Russell (DDG 59), Pearl Harbor, HI|
|USS Paul Hamilton (DDG 60), Pearl Harbor, HI|
|USS Ramage (DDG 61), Norfolk, VA|
|USS Fitzgerald (DDG 62), Yokosuka, Japan|
|USS Stethem (DDG 63), Yokosuka, Japan|
|USS Carney (DDG 64), Mayport, FL|
|USS Benfold (DDG 65), San Diego, CA|
|USS Gonzalez (DDG 66), Norfolk, VA|
|USS Cole (DDG 67), Norfolk, VA|
|USS The Sullivans (DDG 68), Mayport, FL|
|USS Milius (DDG 69), San Diego, CA|
|USS Hopper (DDG 70), Pearl Harbor, HI|
|USS Ross (DDG 71), Norfolk, VA|
|USS Mahan (DDG 72), Norfolk, VA|
|USS Decatur (DDG 73), San Diego, CA|
|USS McFaul (DDG 74), Norfolk, VA|
|USS Donald Cook (DDG 75), Norfolk, VA|
|USS Higgins (DDG 76), San Diego, CA|
|USS O'kane (DDG 77), Pearl Harbor, HI|
|USS Porter (DDG 78), Norfolk, VA|
|USS Oscar Austin (DDG 79), Norfolk, VA|
|USS Roosevelt (DDG 80), Mayport, FL|
|USS Winston S Churchill (DDG 81), Norfolk, VA|
|USS Lassen (DDG 82), Yokosuka, Japan|
|USS Howard (DDG 83), San Diego, CA|
|USS Bulkeley (DDG 84), Norfolk, VA|
|USS McCampbell (DDG 85), Yokosuka, Japan|
|USS Shoup (DDG 86), Everett, WA|
|USS Mason (DDG 87), Norfolk, VA|
|USS Preble (DDG 88), San Diego, CA|
|USS Mustin (DDG 89), Yokosuka, Japan|
|USS Chafee (DDG 90), Pearl Harbor, HI|
|USS Pinckney (DDG 91), San Diego, CA|
|USS Momsen (DDG 92), Everett, WA|
|USS Chung-Hoon (DDG 93), Pearl Harbor, HI|
|USS Nitze (DDG 94), Norfolk, VA|
|USS James E Williams (DDG 95), Norfolk, VA|
|USS Bainbridge (DDG 96), Norfolk, VA|
|USS Halsey (DDG 97), San Diego, CA|
|USS Forrest Sherman (DDG 98), Norfolk, VA|
|USS Farragut (DDG 99), Mayport, FL|
|USS Kidd (DDG 100), San Diego, CA|
|USS Gridley (DDG 101), San Diego, CA|
|USS Sampson (DDG 102), San Diego, CA|
|USS Truxtun (DDG 103), Norfolk, VA|
|USS Sterett (DDG 104), San Diego, CA|
|USS Dewey (DDG 105), No homeport|
|USS Stockdale (DDG 106), San Diego, CA|
|USS Gravely (DDG 107), Norfolk, VA|
|USS Wayne E. Meyer (DDG 108 ), San Diego, CA|
|USS Jason Dunham (DDG 109), Norfolk, VA|
|USS William P. Lawrence (DDG 110), San Diego, CA|
|USS Spruance (DDG 111), San Diego, CA|
|USS Michael Murphy (DDG 112), Pearl Harbor, HI|
|PCU John Finn (DDG 113), Under construction|
|PCU Ralph Johnson (DDG 114), Under construction|
|PCU Rafael Peralta (DDG 115), Under construction|
|PCU Thomas Hudner (DDG 116), Under construction|
|General Characteristics, Zumwalt class|
|Primary Function: DDG 1000|
|Builder: General Dynamics Bath Iron Works|
|Length: 610 ft|
|Beam: 80.7 ft|
|Displacement: 15,610 long tons|
|Speed: 30 kts|
|Aircraft: (2) MH60R or (1) MH60R and (3) VTUAVs|
|PCU Zumwalt (DDG 1000), Under construction|
|PCU Michael Monsoor (DDG 1001), Under construction|
|PCU Lyndon B. Johnson (DDG 1002), Under construction|
|Last Update: 4 April 2013|