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WEAPONS

Airborne

AGM-84E SLAM and AGM-84H/K
SLAM-ER Standoff Land-Attack Missile
(Expanded Response)

Photo of a US Navy F/A 18 launching an AGM-84 SLAM Missile
Description: SLAM is based on the highly successful and reliable Harpoon anti-ship missile, with a Global Positioning System-aided Inertial Navigation System (GPS/INS) for mid-course guidance, a Maverick imaging infrared sensor, and a Walleye data link for precise, "man-in-the-loop" terminal guidance. SLAM provided the capability to conduct over-the-horizon attacks with relative precision. SLAM-ER is Naval Aviation's follow-on to the SLAM Stand-off Outside Area Defense (SOAD) weapon. It is a day/night, adverse-weather, precision-strike weapon with a range of over 150nm. SLAM-ER, an evolutionary upgrade of SLAM, provides the Navy and Marine Corps with a major improvement in precision-strike capability. A modified Tomahawk warhead improves lethality and penetration, and new planar wings double the range and allow terrain-following flight. Mission planning time has been reduced to less than 30 minutes, and targeting has been improved via a "freeze frame" command that reduces pilot workload. SLAM-ER's effectiveness will be further increased with inclusion of an Automatic Target Acquisition (ATA) seeker, making it a fully autonomous weapon and enhancing the missile's capability against small targets and targets in urban environments. ATA uses a matching algorithm to recognize both the aimpoint as well as the surrounding scene, reducing or eliminating the requirement for manual pilot intervention via a data link.

Program Status: SLAM reached IOC in 1991 and was procured through FY 1995. SLAM-ER has successfully completed all developmental and operational testing and received approval to enter into full rate production in May 2000. ATA is scheduled to complete testing in November of 2001, with Initial Operational Capability in the fleet in April 2002.

Developer/Manufacturer: Boeing, St. Louis, Missouri.

AGM-88 HARM
High-Speed Anti-Radiation Missile

Photo of anAGM-88 HARM Missile loaded on a EA-6B Prowler awaiting launch
Description: A joint-service program with the Navy as lead service, HARM is the Navy's only anti-radiation, defense-suppression, air-to-surface missile. It has been employed against targets in the 1986 Gulf of Sidra crisis and the 1991 Gulf War, as well as more recently in Operations Allied Force and Desert Fox and in defense of "no-fly" zones above Iraq. HARM is designed to destroy or suppress broadcasting enemy electronic emitters, especially those associated with radar sites used to direct anti-aircraft guns and surface-to-air missiles. The AGM-88B (Block III) and the AGM-88C (Block IV) are nearing completion of upgrade to the Block IIIA and Block V, respectively. These upgrades will provide increased capability against blanking and blinking radars as well as increasing shutter life, adding capability against complex wave forms, and having improved control of the missile's geographic footprint via glide inhibit. This last improvement will reduce potential collateral damage and damage to friendly forces in the target area. HARM Block V will also add a capability to home on high-power GPS jamming equipment. In addition, a new Block VI upgrade is underway as a tri-national (Germany, Italy, and the United States) cooperative project. This international upgrade will add GPS to a precision inertial navigation suite (IMU/GPS) and new software. The IMU/GPS improvements will nearly eliminate fratricide; allow HARM to more readily attack the shutdown, blanking, or blinking target; and permit its use as a precision-guidedmunition (point-to-point capability). Finally, a major technology demonstration is also underway as a Small Business Innovative Research project, for the Advanced Anti-Radiation Guided Missile (AARGM). The AARGM project seeks to improve on Block VI by adding an improved ARM detection system and an improved counter-shutdown capability via a millimeter wave terminal seeker.

Program Status: The missile is out of production, and Fiscal Year 1992 was the last year for Navy all-up rounds. Developmental and operational testing of Block IIIA (88B) and Block V (88C) upgrades have been completed. Upgrade to the Block IIIA and Block V configuration is nearing completion. The Block VI is currently in EMD, which will continue through FY 2003. Discussion has begun with the international partners on moving from EMD to production. The AARGM Technology Demonstration effort completed in FY 2001. Transition of AARGM to Engineering Development will be initiated in FY 2003.

Developer/Manufacturer: HARM: Raytheon, Tucson, Arizona. AARGM: SAT, Inc., San Diego, California.

AGM-154
JSOW Joint Standoff Weapon

Photo of an AGM-154  Joint Standoff Weapon
Description: A new family of Stand-off Outside Point Defense (SOPD) weapons was added to the Fleet with the introduction of the Joint Stand-Off Weapon (JSOW) in 1999. A key joint Navy-Air Force weapon development program, with the Navy as the lead service, JSOW will replace five types of the older air-to-ground weapons currently in the naval inventory. Its effectiveness already proven in Operations Allied Force and Southern Watch, the JSOW family of precision-guided weapons allows naval aircraft to attack targets at increased standoff distances, greatly increasing aircraft survivability. JSOW is usable in adverse weather conditions, and, like the Joint Direct Attack Munition (JDAM), gives aircrews the ability to attack multiple targets in a single sortie. The JSOW family uses a common weapon body for all variants. The AGM-154A variant carries BLU-97 combined-effect bomblets for use against area targets. To provide anti-armor capability, the AGM-154B variant carries BLU-108 submunitions-providing a lethal and autonomous warhead for hard-target and mobile-target penetration. A third variant, the AGM-154C (Unitary), is being developed with a penetration warhead (BROACH).

Program Status: AGM-154A IOC reached in 1999. AGM-154B and AGM-154C variants are expected to reach IOC in FY 2003 and FY 2004, respectively. Procurement of all three variants continues across the FYDP.

Developer/Manufacturer: Raytheon: Tucson, Arizona.

AIM-9X
Sidewinder Short-Range
Air-to-Air Missile

Photo of an F/A18 Hornet launching a Sidewinder Missile
Description: A major modification to the AIM-9M Sidewinder, the AIM-9X is a joint USN/USAF program that upgrades the missile with a staring focal plane array in the seeker, an extremely agile airframe, and state of the art signal processors resulting in enhanced target acquisition, missile kinematics, and improved infrared counter-countermeasures capabilities. The missile will provide U.S. fighters with air superiority well into the next century. The missile's high off-boresight capability can be coupled to a helmet-mounted cueing system that will revolutionize the way in which air-to-air missiles are employed. The Navy's F/A-18C/D/E/F Hornet and the Air Force's F-16 Fighting Falcon, F-15 Eagle, and F-22 aircraft are currently scheduled to carry the AIM-9X.

Program Status: The 18-month Demonstration Validation program was completed in the summer 1996. An EMD phase began in FY 1997 and will complete in FY 2003. The first Low Rate Initial Production (LRIP) contract was awarded in November 2000 and approval for the second and third LRIP was received in September 2001. Operational Test Readiness Review is scheduled for January 2002. IOC is scheduled for FY 2003.

Developer/Manufacturer: Raytheon, Tucson, Arizona.

AIM-120 AMRAAM
Advanced Medium-Range Air-to-Air Missile

Photo of US Navy F/A 18 in flight armed with an AIM-120 AMRAAM Missiles
Description: The AIM-120 AMRAAM missile is deployed on the F/A-18C/D Hornet, and will be deployed on the F/A-18E/F Super Hornet and the Joint Strike Fighter (JSF) aircraft. Joint U.S. Air Force and Navy procurement of AMRAAM continues, and deliveries of the AIM-120C are under way. The AIM-120C Pre-Planned Product Improvement (P3I) Program is a key factor in maintaining medium-range air superiority. This modernization plan includes clipped wings for internal carriage, a propulsion enhancement program, increased warhead lethality, and enhanced electronic counter-countermeasures (ECCM) capabilities through hardware and software upgrades. Ultimately, AMRAAM will be the Department of the Navy's sole Medium/Beyond Visual Range (M/BVR) missile. As part of the continuing weapons neck-down strategy, the radar-guided AIM-54C Phoenix and AIM-7M Sparrow are being phased out, and no further software or hardware improvements are planned for these legacy weapons.

Program Status: Deliveries of the AIM-120C began reaching the fleet in 1996. The AIM-120C-7 configuration is a product of P3I Phase 3 and is scheduled to achieve IOC in FY-04. The joint AMRAAM procurement and the aggressive P3I program are continuing throughout the FYDP.

Developer/Manufacturer: Raytheon, Tucson, Arizona.

JDAM
Joint Direct Attack Munition

Photo of Joint Direct Attack Munitions being loaded onto USS Harry S. Truman
Description: The Joint Direct Attack Munition (JDAM) is a multi-service effort, with the Air Force as the lead service, for a strap-on, Global Positioning System-aided Inertial Navigation System (GPS/INS) guidance kit to improve the accuracy of existing 500-pound, 1,000-pound and 2,000-pound general-purpose bombs in all weather conditions. JDAM is a true force multiplier, allowing a single aircraft to attack multiple targets from a single release point, and has been proven in recent operations in Iraq, Kosovo and Afghanistan. An ongoing DoN effort is underway to incorporate an advanced autonomous seeker that will enhance accuracy and overall performance.

Program Status: LRIP for the 2,000-pound bombs began in FY 1997, and Milestone III was reached in FY 2001. The 1,000-pound JDAM kit is scheduled for a FY 2002 IOC, and IOC for the 500-pound weapon is planned for FY 2004. Procurement of JDAM continues across the FYDP, limited in quantity due to available fiscal resources.

Developer/Manufacturer: Boeing, St. Louis, Missouri.


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