1814 - During the War of 1812, the British invade Md. and burn Washington, D.C. and the Navy Yard.
1862 - During the Civil War, Capt. Raphael Semmes takes command of CSS Alabama at sea off the island of Terceira, Azores, beginning his career of raiding American commerce.
1912 - The collier, USS Jupiter, is launched. The vessel is the first electrically-propelled Navy ship. She is renamed USS Langley in April 1920 with the designation of (CV 1) and a few months later becomes the Navy's first aircraft carrier in March 1922 following conversion.
1942 - Task Force 61, commanded by Vice Adm. Frank J. Fletcher, engages the Japanese First Carrier Division, Third Fleet, commanded by Vice Adm. Nagumo Chuchi. Planes from Japanese carrier, Ryujo, bomb U.S. positions on Lunga Point but SBDs (VB 3) and TBFs (VT 8) from carrier USS Saratoga (CV 3) sink Ryujo. Additionally, USS Enterprise (CV 6) is damaged by carrier bombers from Japanese carrier, Shokaku. As a result of this battle, the Japanese recalls the expedition to recapture Guadalcanal.
1943 - TBF aircraft from USS Core (CVE 13) sinks the German submarine (U 185) southwest of the Azores.