This Day in Naval History - Oct. 04

Story Number: NNS020723-19Release Date: 7/23/2002 3:18:00 PM
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From Naval History and Heritage Command, Communication and Outreach Division

1821 - Lt. Robert F. Stockton sails aboard USS Alligator from Boston to West Africa, to suppress the African slave trade and select and acquire territory to resettle former slaves in their native continent. The land eventually purchased by Stockton and Dr. Eli Ayers of the American Colonization Society becomes the Republic of Liberia.

1943 - Aircraft from USS Ranger (CV 4) attack convoys in the harbor of Bod, Norway during Operation Leader, sinking German tankers, steamships, and freight barges. This mission is the only Navy carrier operation in northern European waters during World War II. USS Corry (DD 463) provided escort support.

1943 - TBF and F4F aircraft from (VC 9) based onboard USS Card (CVE 11) attack and sink three German submarines -- U-460, U-264, U-422, and U-455 -- north of the Azores. A fourth is sunk by PV1 aircraft southwest of Iceland.

1944 - PFC Wesley Phelps, while serving with the First Marines on Peleliu Island, immediately rolls onto a grenade after it is thrown into a foxhole he shares with another Marine, saving his comrade's life. For his "conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity" he is posthumously awarded the Medal of Honor.

1976 - USS Jonas Ingram (DD 938) rescues seven survivors of a Finnish motor craft that sank in the Baltic Sea.

1991 - USS Arkansas (CGN 41), USNS Sioux (T ATF 171), USS Aubrey Fitch (FFG 34) and Helicopter Antisubmarine Squadron 6 (HS 6) rescue personnel on merchant ships in three different rescue operations in the Arabian Sea.

1998 - U.S. and Algerian navies conduct the first bilateral exercise - a search and rescue operation involving USS Mitscher (DDG 57) -- since Algerian independence in 1962.

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