This Day in Naval History - Feb. 27

Story Number: NNS011213-38Release Date: 2/27/2013 7:00:00 AM
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From Naval History and Heritage Command, Communication and Outreach Division

1928 - Cmdr. Theodore G. Ellyson, the Navy's first aviator, along with Lt. Cmdr. Hugo Schmidt and Lt. Rogers Ransehounsen, crash to their deaths in a Loening. Amphibian, a 2-seat amphibious biplane, on a night flight from Norfolk, Va., to Annapolis, Md.
1942 - Seaplane tender USS Langley (AV 3), carrying 32 U.S. Army Air Force P-40 aircraft for the defense of Java, is bombed by Japanese naval land attack planes (Takao Kokutai), 75 miles south of Tjilatjap, Java. Due to the damage, the first US Navy aircraft carrier is shelled & torpedoed by USS Whipple (DD 217) to prevent enemy capture.
1942 - Battle of the Java Sea begins, where the 14-ship Allied forces (American, Dutch, British and Australian) attempt to stop the 28-ship Japanese invasion of the Dutch East Indies colony of Java. The Japanese, during battles over three days, decimate the Allied forces, sink at least 11 ships, killing more than 3,370.
1944 - three U.S. Navy submarines sink three Japanese cargo ships. USS Grayback (SS 208) sinks Japanese cargo ship Ceylon Maru in the East China Sea; USS Cod (SS 244) sinks Japanese army cargo ship Taisoku Maru west of Halmahera while USS Trout (SS 202) sinks Japanese cargo ship Aki Maru.
1945 - Submarine USS Scabbardfish (SS 397) sinks Japanese guardboat No. 6 Kikau Maru, 100 miles northeast of Keelung, Formosa. Also on this date, USS Blenny (SS 324) attacks a Japanese convoy off French Indochina and sinks merchant tanker Amato Maru off Cape Padaran.
1945 - Land-based patrol aircraft from VPB 112, along with others from three British vessels, HMS Labaun and HMS Loch Fada and HMS Wild Goose, sink German submarine U 327 in the English Channel.
1973 - First airborne mine sweep in a live minefield takes place in the Haiphong, Vietnam ship channel by helicopters from Helicopter Mine Countermeasures Squadron Twelve on board USS New Orleans.

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