1775 - Congress votes to raise two battalions of Continental Marines, establishing the Marine Corps.
1863 - During the Civil War, CSS Alabama captures and burns clipper ship Winged Racer carrying a cargo of sugar, hides, and jute in the Straits of Sunda off Java.
1943 - PB4Y-1 patrol bombers from VB-103, VB-105, and VB-110, along with British aircraft, sink the German submarine U 966 in the Bay of Biscay off northwest Spain. Spanish fishing trawlers rescue the survivors.
1959 - USS Triton (SSRN 586) is commissioned as a nuclear-powered radar picket submarine.