Truman Encourages ORM Off Duty

Story Number: NNS061127-14Release Date: 11/27/2006 2:27:00 PM
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By Mass Communication Specialist 3rd Class Mari Matsumoto, USS Harry S. Truman Public Affairs

PORTSMOUTH, Va. (NNS) -- This holiday season, USS Harry S. Truman's (CVN 75) Safety Department is teaching Sailors to take five steps that help prevent mishaps when they leave work. Sailors know these five steps as Operational Risk Management (ORM).

ORM is a decision-making process that engages the individual in a thinking process to help them analyze their situation and come to a solution that is beneficial.

"ORM is common sense that gives individuals forethought before doing something," said Cmdr. Tom Fohr, Truman's safety officer.

In a serious tone that demonstrates the importance of ORM, Fohr lays out a hypothetical situation that illustrates how the five steps--identify hazards, assess hazards, make risk decisions, implement controls, and supervise (watch for changes)-- can be used outside of work.

If a Sailor is driving a long distance, the first step he or she should consider is "identify hazards." In this step Fohr advises Sailors to ask themselves, "What can hurt me? Could it be fatigue, a car accident or vehicle problems?"

After identifying the hazards, Fohr finds it easy to "assess hazards" by asking "What can I do about it?" In this step he recommends getting plenty of sleep and ensuring the vehicle is in good condition before starting the trip.

The third step is "making risk decisions," which involves thinking about the weather and Sailor's physical limitations for the trip. The fourth step "implement controls," asks Sailors to think about the possibility of trouble and what they could do.

"Friends and family can be a great help when it comes to monetary needs or perhaps a place to sleep when fatigued," said Fohr.

Being prepared for the trip comes with the final step, "supervise (watch for changes)." Fohr said if Sailors can't address the risks or if plans change, the Sailor's chain of command should be the number one place to go for help in almost any situation.

"Communicate with your supervisor and let them know (of your situation)," said Fohr. "They would rather have you alive."

Aviation Ordnanceman 1st Class Desmond Cary, Safety's assistant leading petty officer, reminds Sailors that the principles of ORM are just as important as the steps. The four principles are: accept risk when benefits outweigh the cost, accept no unnecessary risks, anticipate and manage risk by planning, and make risk decisions at the right level.

"ORM is very important and should be used every day inside and outside of work," said Cary.

ORM is taught in indoctrination classes to new Sailors and ORM University is still required of Sailors aboard Truman. According to the Safety Department, ORM has had an overwhelming presence around the ship and will soon be a part of Sailors lives outside of work, preventing mishaps and saving lives.

For related news, visit the USS Harry S. Truman (CVN 75) Navy NewsStand page at

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