Expeditionary Fast Transport (EPF)
The Expeditionary Fast Transport (EPF), formerly designated the Joint High Speed Vessel (JHSV), is a shallow draft, all aluminum, commercial-based catamaran capable of intra theater personnel and cargo lift, providing combatant commanders high-speed sealift mobility with inherent cargo handling capability and agility to achieve positional advantage over operational distances. Bridging the gap between low-speed sealift and high-speed airlift, EPFs transport personnel, equipment and supplies over operational distances with access to littoral offload points including austere, minor and degraded ports in support of the Global War on Terrorism (GWOT)/Theater Security Cooperation Program (TSCP), Intra-theater Operational/Littoral Maneuver and Sustainment and Seabasing. EPFs enable the rapid projection, agile maneuver and sustainment of modular, tailored forces in response to a wide range of military and civilian contingencies such as Non-Combatant Evacuation Operations (NEO), Humanitarian Assistance and Disaster Relief (HADR).
The EPF is designed to transport 600 short tons of military cargo 1,200 nautical miles at an average speed of 35 knots in Sea State 3. The ships are capable of operating in shallow-draft ports and waterways, interfacing with roll-on/roll-off discharge facilities and on/off-loading a combat-loaded Abrams Main Battle Tank (M1A2). The EPF includes a flight deck for helicopter operations and an off-load ramp that allow vehicles to quickly drive off the ship. The ramp is suitable for the types of austere piers and quay walls common in developing countries. The ship’s shallow draft (under 15 feet) will further enhance littoral operations and port access. This makes the EPF an extremely flexible asset for support of a wide range of operations including maneuver and sustainment, relief operations in small or damaged ports, flexible logistics support or as the key enabler for rapid transport.
EPF has a crew of 26 Civilian Mariners (CIVMARS) with airline style seating for 312 embarked troops and fixed berthing for an additional 104. Military Sealift Command (MSC) operates and sustains the EPFs, which will allocated via the Global Force Management (GFM) for Theater Security Cooperation (TSC), service unique missions, intra-theater sealift and special missions.
On Nov. 13, 2008, the Navy awarded Austal USA, Mobile, Alabama, a $185,433,564 fixed-price incentive contract modification for detail design and construction (DD&C) of one EPF. The contract modification also included options for the construction of up to nine additional ships and associated shore-based spares. All contract options have been awarded. A modification for the DD&C of EPF 11 and EPF 12 was awarded to Austal Sept. 15, 2016 for a total of twelve EPFs.
The Navy has accepted delivery of nine EPFs with USNS City of Bismarck (T-EPF 9) being the most recent delivery in December 2017. Burlington (EPF 10) is planned for delivery in late 2018.
The program initially divided the ten prospective ships of the EPF class into five ships for assignment to the Army and five ships for the Navy. However, during Army/Navy Warfighter Talks in December 2010, both services agreed to transfer the Army’s five ships to the Navy.
|Point Of Contact|
Office of Corporate Communication (SEA 00D)
Naval Sea Systems Command
Washington, D.C. 20376
MSC Public Affairs
471 East C. St.
Norfolk, VA 23511-2419
|Builder: Austal USA|
|Propulsion: Water Jet|
|Length: 103 Meters (338 feet)|
|Beam: 28.5 meters (93.5 feet)|
|Displacement: 2500 metric tons|
|Draft: 13 feet (3.92 meters)|
|Speed: 35-40 knots|
|Range: 1,200 nautical miles|
|Crew: 26 Civilian Mariners|
|Burlington (EPF 10) - Under Construction|
|Puerto Rico (EPF 11) - Under Construction|
|TBD (EPF 12) - Planned to begin construction in September 2017|
|Bismarck (EPF 9) - Under Construction|
|USNS Spearhead (T-EPF 1) - delivered|
|USNS Choctaw County (T-EPF 2) - delivered|
|USNS Millinocket (T-EPF 3) - delivered|
|USNS Fall River (T-EPF 4) - delivered|
|USNS Trenton (T-EPF 5) - delivered|
|USNS Brunswick (T-EPF 6) - delivered|
|USNS Carson City (T-EPF 7) - delivered|
|USNS Yuma (T-EPF 8) - delivered|
|Last Update: 12 January 2018|