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The Information Superiority and Sensors (ISS) IWAR focuses on those capabilities that enable commanders at all levels to control and shape the pace, phasing, and space of battle by rapidly integrating and synchronizing dispersed forces to apply appropriate effects at the right place and time. ISS includes:
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Photo of sub crew manning the periscope aboard a U.S. Navy Submarine

Sea Dominance includes naval warfighting capabilities that help to establish and sustain superiority on and below the surface of the world's oceans. The Navy assures access for the Joint Force through surface warfare and anti-submarine warfare superiority, mine countermeasures, and the employment of naval mines in offensive and defensive operations. These capabilities are essential to joint-force operations in both choke points and littoral regions worldwide.

Sea mining and offensive/defensive mine countermeasures include those capabilities used to employ mines against an adversary's forces or to neutralize an enemy's efforts to use mines against U.S. or allied forces. Surface warfare superiority involves those actions necessary to neutralize an adversary's efforts to employ his surface warships against friendly forces. Antisubmarine warfare superiority includes capabilities that neutralize or defeat an adversary's use of his submarines. Acting either independently or as a joint force component, naval forces provide capabilities that are critical to ensuring freedom of maneuver and power projection from the sea.
Photo of a U.S. Navy standard surface to air missile launching from an AEGIS cruiser

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This IWAR includes those naval warfighting capabilities that establish and maintain control and dominance of theater air space, in both open-ocean and littoral regions. By projecting defense above U.S. and friendly forces —Theater Missile Defense (TMD) and air superiority—Air Dominance is a key enabler of the Navy's role in power projection and is a core mission required for protection of naval, joint, and allied forces.

Missile Defense, which includes both Cruise Missile Defense (CMD) and Ballistic Missile Defense (BMD), employs aircraft, air warfare-capable surface warships, and self-defense-capable surface units to defend against enemy cruise and ballistic missiles and to project this defense well inland, to assure access of follow-on forces. Included in Missile Defense is the capability to engage enemy missiles through both hardkill and softkill measures, and to conduct attack operations against missile-launch systems.Photo of a U.S. Navy F/A 18 Hornet releasing its ordnance

Air superiority provides naval forces the capability that enable sassured access to theater airspace by U.S. and allied forces. Offensive operations involve attacking the enemy's warfighting capabilities with Offensive Counter-Air (OCA) operations that include attack operations, Suppression of Enemy Air Defenses (SEAD), Electronic Warfare (EW), and fighter escort and sweep. Defensive Counter-Air (DCA) operations focus on maintaining air superiority with the capability to detect, identify, intercept, and destroy enemy air forces with aircraft or air warfare-capable surface warships before they attack or penetrate the friendly air environment.

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This IWAR includes naval fires and amphibious warfare, the latter perhaps more appropriately characterized as Expeditionary Maneuver Warfare. When naval fires are required, the joint task force commander will have a variety of naval weapons to choose from, including accurate stand-off munitions delivered from aircraft, gun-fired precision-guided munitions, and sophisticated ballistic and cruise missiles launched from surface warships and submarines. The essence of this capability is aircraft carriers equipped with long-range attack aircraft, surface warships, and submarines capable of launching a variety of responsive, accurate long-range missiles, and robust Naval Surface Fire Support (NSFS). In addition, the Ohio-class ballistic missile submarine, armed with the D5 missile system, provides the nation the most servivable leg of the nuclear deterrence triad.

Photo of a submarine-launched Tomahawk Land Attack Missile transitioning to flight shortly after launch

Expeditionary Maneuver Warfare includes the ability to mass overwhelming naval, joint, and allied military power and deliver it ashore to influence, deter, contain, or defeat an aggressor. Amphibious expeditionary forces provide the joint task force commander with the ability to conduct military operations in an area of control extending from the open ocean, to the shore, and to those inland areas that can be attacked, supported, and defended directly from the sea. It is important to note that "littoral" operations are not "brown water"—today littoral "ops" can commence many hundreds of miles from an adversary's coast. Soon, with warfighting enhancements in the fleet, the Navy-Marine Corps Team will be able to begin littoral operations more than 1,000 miles at sea. Navy and Marine Corps expeditionary forces—acting independently, jointly with the Army, Air Force and Coast Guard, or combined with allied forces—provide the backbone of America's ability to project credible military power throughout the world, quickly and effectively.


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