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Naval Mission Planning Systems

Photo of cockpit

Description: NavMPS is a suite of applications that includes: TAMPS (Tactical Automated Mission Planning System), N-PFPS (Navy Portable Flight Planning Software), and JMPS (Joint Mission Planning System). TAMPS is the Navy-Marine Corps standard unit-level aircraft mission planning system. It contains data for a wide variety of aviation platforms, including the F/A-18 Hornet, F-14 Tomcat, S-3 Viking, and E-2 Hawkeye. TAMPS is capable of loading the flight data that includes waypoints and sequential steering files, air-to-air radar presets, Tactical Aircraft Navigation Aid (TACAN) channels, and identification files. TAMPS enables the loading of independent overlays for aircraft software and bulk files for missile software, enabling the use of weapons such as the Stand-Off Land Attack Missile (SLAM), Joint Stand-Off Weapon (JSOW), and the Joint Direct Attack Munition (JDAM). TAMPS is also used for loading Joint Tactical Information Distribution System (JTIDS) and Global Positioning System (GPS) files into aircraft flight software, and it is interoperable with the Global Command and Control System-Maritime (GCCS-M). N-PFPS is the Navy-Marine Corps standard flight planning system that combines certified fuel performance, National Imagery and Mapping Agency (NIMA) charts, and a PC-based, intuitive user-interface presentation tool (FalconView) to interface flight and mission planning. It is currently fielded and has experienced outstanding fleet acceptance and user satisfaction. JMPS is a co-development effort between Navy, Marine Corps, Air Force, Army, and U.S. Special Operations Command. JMPS flight planning capabilities (JMPS Basic Mission Planner) incorporates N-PFPS on a DII COE Joint Tactical Architecture (JTA) component-based architecture. The initial investment in the JMPS architecture and legacy system migration should yield significant long-term savings as legacy systems migrate to JMPS.

Program Status: TAMPS is in production, having reached IOC in 1986. Upgrades continue with the latest, TAMPS 6.2.1, released in FY 2002. N-PFPS versions were fielded in FY 1998, FY 1999, and FY 2000, with another release scheduled for FY 2001. JMPS Core Architecture commenced development in 1998, with an IOC scheduled for FY 2004. Migration of TAMPS is projected to be completed and fielded to fleet users in FY 2006 and force-level planning-capability is scheduled for incorporation into the JMPS architecture during FY 2006 and beyond. JMPS will migrate the TAMPS weapons and aircraft data-loading functions, GCCS-M interface and PGM planning functions to an NT-based, DII COE/JTA-compliant architecture in FY 2004. Single aircraft planning systems such as TEAMS (EA-6B mission planning) and MPS/MOMS (AV-8B mission planning) will also migrate to JMPS, eliminating several legacy "stovepipe" systems in favor of a single common architecture. Various force-level planning capabilities, such as attack order parsing and multi-aircraft deconfliction, will also migrate to the JMPS architecture. The fielding schedule is balanced within available resources.

Developer/Manufacturer: TAMPS 6.2K: Lockheed Martin, Camarillo, California; TRW, Fairfax, Virginia; and Telos Systems Integration/C3, Herndon, Virginia. TAMPS 6.2.1: BAE, Camarillo, California. N-PFPS: USAF 46TS/TYBRIN, Fort Walton, Florida. JMPS: Northrop Grumman Information Technologies, San Pedro, California.


Submarine Combat System

Photo of Radar Dome

Description: The BSY-2 Submarine Combat System improves upon existing combat systems to meet the expanded operational requirements of the Seawolf (SSN-21)-class attack submarines. It is a fully integrated system used for sonar tracking, monitoring, and launch of all on-board weapons, including Mk 48 ADCAP/ADCAP MOD torpedoes, Tomahawk missiles, and naval mines. It provides improved overall response time, operability, tactical reconfiguration, firepower, and availability. Significant advancements include the hull-mounted Wide Aperture Array (WAA) for rapid localization of targets, a 92-processor node flexible architecture ("FLEXNET") using fiber-optic technology, and a fully integrated Interactive Electronic Technical Manual (IETM) supporting on-board and shore-based maintenance, operations, and training.

Program Status: Three systems were procured, with the first delivery to the USS Seawolf in February 1995 and the second delivery to the USS Connecticut (SSN-22) in October 1997. The BSY-2 system completed initial testing on Seawolf in the summer of 1996 and was delivered to the Navy in the summer of 1997. The third system will be installed on Jimmy Carter (SSN-23), currently under construction by General Dynamics Electric Boat Corporation (see separate program summary).

Developer/Manufacturer: Lockheed Martin, Syracuse, New York.

Submarine Combat Control System
Open System Enhancement Program

Photo of Sub Combat Control System

Description: Submarine Combat Control System Open System Enhancement Program, designated CCS Mk2 Block 1C, is a three-phase program for transforming various existing legacy submarine combat systems [BSY-1, CCS Mk1, CCS Mk2 D(0) and DWS-118] to a common, more capable and flexible COTS/Open System Architecture (OSA). The use of COTS/OSA technologies and systems will enable rapid periodic updates to both software and hardware. COTS-based processors will allow computer power growth at a rate commensurate with commercial industry. Phase I (CCS Mk2 Block 1C in FY 2000) introduces automated Strike engagement planning capability (ATWCS) and Virginia-class data distribution and services. Phase II (CCS Mk2 Block 1C ECP 4 in FY 2002) introduces advanced weapons improvements and processing with the installation of Virginia-class equivalent COTS processors, replaces the existing UYK-43 computer with COTS hardware, supports introduction of the coordinated strike warfare-Tactical Tomahawk (TACTOM) missile and weapon control system (TTWCS), and introduces the improved anti-diesel littoral torpedo (ADCAP CBASS). Phase III (CCS MK2 Block 1C ECP-5 in FY 2007) includes Virginia-class weapons launch improvements and provides an at-sea end-to-end launcher testing capability.

Program Status: The first phase of CCS Mk 2 Block 1C is currently being installed, with development underway to support IOC of Block 1C ECP-4 in FY 2002.

Developer/Manufacturer: CCS Mk 1 and BSY-1 upgrades: Naval Underwater Warfare Center (NUWC), Newport, Rhode Island. Mk 2: Raytheon, Portsmouth, Rhode Island.

Submarine High Data-Rate Antenna

Photo of USS Providence (SSN 719) Rapid Prototype HDR Antenna

Description: The submarine High Data-Rate antenna program is a top-priority submarine command, control, communications, computers, and intelligence (C4I) initiative and is the Navy's first multi-band dish antenna. The HDR antenna will provide the submarine force with worldwide high data-rate satellite communications capability. It will enable the submarine to access the secure, survivable Joint MILSTAR Satellite Program in the Extremely High Frequency (EHF) band. It will also provide the capability to receive time critical tactical information from the Global Broadcast Service (GBS). Additionally, the HDR antenna will provide access to the Defense Satellite Communications System (DSCS) in the Super High Frequency (SHF) frequency band.

Program Status: The first Rapid Prototype HDR Antenna was delivered to the Navy in June 1998, successfully completed testing on the USS Providence (SSN-719) in August 2000, and was deployed in 2001. Milestone III Decision approval was granted 28 June 2001, following EHF Low Data Rate (LDR) TECHEVAL and OPEVAL completion. FOTE for EHF Medium Data Rate (MDR), SHF, and GBS FOTE is scheduled for the second quarter, FY 2002.

Developer/Manufacturer: Raytheon, Marlboro, Massachusetts.


Area Air Defense Commander

Photo of member at control screen

Description: The AADC Capability provides a maritime-based operational-level planning and execution tool for air defense operations under the Joint Theater Air and Missile Defense (JTAMD) concept. In the early stage of a contingency, the preponderance of forces will likely be sea-based. Aircraft carrier battle groups will act as the hub of rapidly expanding Joint Force structure. A maritime-based AADC Capability provides the tools necessary to plan and conduct operations in support of air defense throughout the spectrum of conflict. Current and future JTAMD operations require an advanced common Battle Management/Command, Control, Communications, Computers, Intelligence (BMC4I) architecture. This includes a Single Integrated Air Picture (SIAP) and the capability for centralized planning and decentralized execution.

The AADC Capability will permit rapid replanning and Course of Action (COA) evaluations. With the AADC capability, more of the Air Defense Planner's effort can be spent on analysis instead of data collection and input. The system employs a "six degrees of freedom" modeling capability to optimize force laydown and employment to achieve the desired level of protection. Situational awareness is provided by a three-dimensional tactical operations display system. The 3-D capability provides the ability to view the battlespace from any direction or altitude. This display capability provides a common picture through fusion of all available tactical data links and sensor information into an easily understood picture that enables the AADC to exercise command by exception. The AADC capability consists of a suite of high-performance computers and displays employing advanced software on a series of state-of-the-art processors. The AADC Capability also provides a distributed collaborative planning feature that permits the AADC staff to interact rapidly with counterparts in other staffs.

Program Status: There are three existing prototypes: one at Johns Hopkins University's Applied Physics Laboratory, one on the USS Shiloh (CG-67), and one on board the USS Mount Whitney (LCC-20) for testing, fleet feedback, and risk reduction. Milestone I/II occurred in March 2000. Fleet demand for this proven capability has been extraordinary. The contract for industry production was awarded to General Dynamics Advanced Technology Systems (GDATS) in July 2001. During the fall of 2001, the program was redirected to accelerate delivery of the AADC Capability to the Fleet using the Rapid Deployment Capability (RDC) process. The AADC Capability is also being examined for utilization in support of Homeland Defense. GDATS is preparing to field the existing prototype AADC Capability while continuing to evolve the capability. Between FY 2002 and FY 2007, at least 18 AADC systems will be procured for command ships, Aegis cruisers, and land-based training/testing facilities. The Navy anticipates AADC will also be deployed at continental U.S. sites in support of Homeland Defense. CG installations are still considered part of the Cruiser Conversion Program (see separate program summary) but installation will not necessarily coincide with Cruiser Conversion.

Developer/Manufacturer: AADC Prototype: Johns Hopkins University's Applied Physics Laboratory, Laurel, Maryland. AADC Production unit: General Dynamics Advanced Technology Systems, Greensboro, North Carolina.

Advanced Combat Direction System

Photo of Combat Direction System

Description: The Advanced Combat Direction System is a centralized, automated command-and-control system, collecting and correlating combat information. It upgrades the Naval Tactical Data System (NTDS) for aircraft carriers and large-deck amphibious ships. A core component of non-Aegis combat systems, ACDS provides the capability to identify and classify targets, prioritize and conduct engagements, vector interceptor aircraft to targets, and exchange targeting information and engagement orders within the battle group and among different service components in the joint theater of operations.

The ACDS upgrade is divided into two phases, Block 0 and Block 1. The Block 0 system replaces obsolete Naval Tactical Display System (NTDS) computers and display consoles with modern equipment and incorporates both new and upgraded NTDS software. Block 1 operates with the equipment provided under ACDS Block 0 but implements significant improvements in software capability. The Block 1 upgrade includes modifiable doctrine, the Joint Tactical Information Distribution System (JTIDS) for joint and allied interoperability, increased range and track capability, multi-source identification, National Imagery and Mapping Agency (NIMA)-based digital maps, and an embedded training capability.

Program Status: ACDS Block 0 is deployed in nine aircraft carriers, five Wasp (LHD-1)-class amphibious assault ships, and all five Tarawa (LHA-1)-class amphibious assault ships. The first installation of ACDS Block 1 began in FY 1996 with the USS Eisenhower (CVN-69) and Wasp (LHD-1), followed by the USS John F. Kennedy (CV-67) in 1999 and USS Iwo Jima (LHD-7) and USS Nimitz (CVN-68) in 2001. ACDS will be replaced with the Ship Self Defense System (SSDS, see separate program summary) Mark 2 as it is fielded across the Fleet.

Developer/Manufacturer: Raytheon, San Diego, California. ACDS Block I development, performance, and integration testing: Raytheon; SPAWAR Systems Center, San Diego, California; and the Integrated Combat Systems Test Facility (ICSTF) and Naval Surface Warfare Center Port Hueneme Division (NSWC/PHD), Dam Neck, Virginia.

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