1775 - The Continental Congress votes for two vessels to be fitted out and armed with 10 carriage guns, a proportional number of swivel guns, and crews of 80 then sent out on a cruise of three months to intercept transports carrying munitions and stores to the British army in America. This legislation, out of which the Continental Navy grew, constitutes the birth of the U.S. Navy.
1862 - The Union yacht America seizes schooner David Crockett attempting to run the blockade out of Charleston with a cargo of turpentine and rosin.
1864 - Union bark Braziliera and screw-steamer Mary Sanford, both with the South Atlantic Blockading Squadron, send out a boat expedition that frees a number of slaves from a plantation on White Oak Creek, Ga.
1944 - TBF (VC 9) aircraft of escort carrier USS Card (CVE 11) sink the German submarine U-402, which had previously sunk 15 Allied vessels, including USS Cythera (PY 26).
1952 - USS Lewis (DE 535) takes fire from a radar-controlled enemy gun battery in the vicinity of Hungnam, North Korea. Eighty-four rounds from probable radar controlled guns cause no personnel casualties or damage. Lewis counters with 214 rounds and observes one direct hit followed by smoke and fire. The batteries were silenced.
1954 - USS Saipan (CVL 48) begins relief and humanitarian aid to Haitians who are victims of Hurricane Hazel. The operation ends Oct. 19.