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Last updated: 08 Dec 2020
The V-22 Osprey is a joint service multi-mission tilt-rotor vertical/short takeoff and landing (VSTOL) aircraft, developed to fulfill the needs of U.S. Marine Corps, U.S. Air Force and U.S. Navy operational requirements, worldwide. It performs VTOL missions as effectively as a conventional helicopter while also having the long-range cruise abilities of a twin turboprop aircraft.
The Marine Corps’ MV-22B provides day/night all weather assault support by transporting combat troops and equipment during expeditionary, joint or combined operations, capable of operating from ships or from expeditionary airfields ashore.
The Navy’s CMV-22B replaces the C-2A Greyhound for the Carrier Onboard Delivery (COD) mission, providing time-critical logistics support by transporting priority personnel and cargo to, from and inside the Sea Base.
The Air Force Special Operations Command’s (AFSOC) CV-22B conducts long-range infiltration, exfiltration and resupply missions for the special operations forces.
The V-22 features a 38-foot rotor system and engine/transmission nacelle mounted on each wing tip. It can operate as a helicopter when taking off and landing vertically. Once airborne, the nacelles can rotate forward 90 degrees for horizontal flight, converting the V-22 to a high-speed, fuel-efficient turboprop airplane. On the ground, the wings rotate for compact storage aboard the ship or ground stations. The aircraft was designed with safety in mind, including a number of redundant subsystems across the air vehicle, electrical, and drive systems. In addition, pilots have a number of safety features at their reach through the engine instrument crew alerting systems, traffic alert and collision avoidance system, weather radar and navigation forward looking infrared sensor. In addition, pilots have the benefit of a triple redundant fly-by-wire flight controls, designed to reduce pilot workload.
The V-22 is the world's first production tilt rotor aircraft, with more than 400 aircraft delivered across the U.S. Marine Corps, U.S. Air Force, U.S. Navy and Japan Ground Self Defense Force (international customer). Since first flight in 1989, the V-22 has flown more than 700,000 flight hours across all variants.
Navy, Marine Corps, Air Force and the Japan Ground Self Defense Force (FMS customer)
General Characteristics, MV-22B Osprey (MARINE CORPS)
Primary Function: Medium-lift assault support
Date Deployed: 2007
Propulsion: two Rolls-Royce Liberty AE1107C engines
Length: 57 feet 4 inches
Height: 22 feet 1 inches
Wingspan: 83 feet 10 inches
Weight: maximum gross 60,500 pounds (self-deployment); 57,000 pounds (STOL); 52,600 (VTOL)
Crew: two pilots, one crew chief
General Characteristics, CV-22B Osprey (AIR FORCE)
Primary Function: special operations forces long-range infiltration, exfiltration and resupply
Date Deployed: 2006
Crew: four (pilot, copilot and two flight engineers)
CMV-22B Osprey (NAVY)
Primary Function: Carrier Onboard Delivery (COD), transporting personnel, mail, supplies and high-priority cargo from shore bases to aircraft carriers at sea.
Initial Operational Capability (expected): 2021
Maximum vertical takeoff weight: 52,600 pounds
Maximum rolling takeoff weight: 60,500 pounds
Crew: four (pilot, copilot, two crew chiefs) and 24 troops
Point of Contact
Naval Air Systems Command
Public Affairs Department
47123 Buse Road
Patuxent River, MD 20670-5440
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